Joint pain is known as Sandhi Shoola according to Ayurveda. Causes include both internal and external factors. According to Ayurveda, joint & muscle pains are caused by the aggravation of Vata dosha (Air + Space biohumor). Ama associated with Vata quickly moves to different parts of the body and accumulates where circulation is sluggish or slow such as the hands, knees and other bone joints, filling the blood vessels with a waxy material. It is also more common in old age when Vata naturally increases in the body.
The other type of joint problem occurs due to Kapha dosha (biohumor related to Earth and Water). Kapha governs the lubrication and structural aspects of the body. The heavy and cold qualities of Kapha affect the joints which feel stiff and dense. This kind of joint issue is commonly observed during cold, wet weather especially around spring (Kapha season). In time, the toxins (ama) mix with the natural lubricants in the joints to form a sticky, toxic substance that hampers mobility and upsets circulation. Finally, the structure of the joints and bones start to get damaged. Any changes in the morphology of the joints then the problem becomes more difficult to treat.
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